Impaired cognitive flexibility following NMDAR-GluN2B deletion is associated with altered orbitofrontal-striatal function

Neuroscience. 2019 Apr 15;404:338-352. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2019.01.066. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Abstract

A common feature across neuropsychiatric disorders is inability to discontinue an action or thought once it has become detrimental. Reversal learning, a hallmark of executive control, requires plasticity within cortical, striatal and limbic circuits and is highly sensitive to disruption of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) function. In particular, selective deletion or antagonism of GluN2B containing NMDARs in cortical regions including the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC), promotes maladaptive perseveration. It remains unknown whether GluN2B functions to maintain local cortical activity necessary for reversal learning, or if it exerts a broader influence on the integration of neural activity across cortical and subcortical systems. To address this question, we utilized in vivo electrophysiology to record neuronal activity and local field potentials (LFP) in the orbitofrontal cortex and dorsal striatum (dS) of mice with deletion of GluN2B in neocortical and hippocampal principal cells while they performed touchscreen reversal learning. Reversal impairment produced by corticohippocampal GluN2B deletion was paralleled by an aberrant increase in functional connectivity between the OFC and dS. These alterations in coordination were associated with alterations in local OFC and dS firing activity. These data demonstrate highly dynamic patterns of cortical and striatal activity concomitant with reversal learning, and reveal GluN2B as a molecular mechanism underpinning the timing of these processes.

Keywords: NMDAR local field potentials; executive function; in vivo electrophysiology.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cognitive Dysfunction / genetics
  • Cognitive Dysfunction / metabolism*
  • Corpus Striatum / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Prefrontal Cortex / metabolism*
  • Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate / deficiency*
  • Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate / genetics
  • Reversal Learning / physiology*

Substances

  • NR2B NMDA receptor
  • Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate