Neonatal Cerebral Air Embolism

Indian Pediatr. 2018 Dec 15;55(12):1089-1090.


Background: Vascular air embolism (VAE) is rare but potentially lethal condition, and survival is rarely reported in newborn.

Characteristics: A preterm (27+1 weeks) neonate on Continuous positive airway pressure developed sudden cardiac asystole on day 3 of life and required 30 minutes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Observation: Infant had air embolism in liver and brain. He survived but developed cystic encephalomalcia requiring extensive neuro-rehabilitation.

Message: Air embolism should be considered as differential diagnosis of sudden unexplained cardiac deterioration in well neonate.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Embolism, Air / diagnosis*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature, Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Male