Dietary Fat and Blood Pressure

Curr Hypertens Rep. 2019 Feb 12;21(2):17. doi: 10.1007/s11906-019-0918-y.


Purpose of review: Do dietary fats lower blood pressure? This review covers total fats, individual fatty acids and foods that provide specific fats.

Recent findings: Evidence for blood pressure lowering is stronger for supplements providing individual marine fatty acids than for fish intake since data on fish consumption are scarce. Such effects are more readily apparent in hypertensive than normal subjects. Biological mechanisms to support linkage between dietary fish oils and blood pressure are plausible. Information on other dietary fatty acids (saturates, linoleic acid, alpha-linolenic acid) is mostly less robust and therefore inconclusive. However, findings with respect to consumption of dairy foods especially of the low-fat variety do suggest association with lower blood pressures. Apart from marine fatty acids which have mostly been significantly associated with clinically modest blood pressure-lowering, the effects of other dietary fatty acids are inconsistent or clinically minor. Consumption of dairy especially of yoghurt has been linked with lower blood pressure despite the relatively high saturated fat content but the mechanism is unclear.

Keywords: Blood pressure; Dairy fat consumption; Dietary fatty acids; Fish consumption; Marine oil and fatty acids.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Blood Pressure*
  • Dairy Products*
  • Dietary Fats
  • Dietary Fats, Unsaturated*
  • Fatty Acids
  • Fatty Acids, Omega-3
  • Humans
  • Hypertension*


  • Dietary Fats
  • Dietary Fats, Unsaturated
  • Fatty Acids
  • Fatty Acids, Omega-3