Gender-Based Experiences of Verbal Bullying in Adolescents: Application of Giorgi's Method

J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv. 2019 Jun 1;57(6):45-51. doi: 10.3928/02793695-20190124-01. Epub 2019 Feb 12.


Verbal bullying among adolescents, which has become increasingly prevalent in recent years, often involves swearing or sexually ridiculing one's family members or peers. Because many factors underlying the initiation of verbal bullying remain unknown, Giorgi's phenomenological method was used to examine the essence and meaning of verbal bullying among adolescents, which is an urgent issue in the field of nursing in South Korea. In this descriptive phenomenological study, researchers examined the behavior of 16 adolescents. Four themes emerged from examination: Egocentric Relational Violence, Learning Through Observation and Imitation, The Synchronization of Stigma and Aggression, and The Dilemma of Deviance and Habituation. Findings indicated that a confluence of factors impact verbal bullying among adolescents. To prevent verbal bullying, it is necessary to understand the progress of offenders' deviance and develop intervention activities through mental health services. [Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 57(6), 45-51.].

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Aggression / psychology*
  • Bullying / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Peer Group*
  • Republic of Korea
  • Sex Factors
  • Socioeconomic Factors*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires