Caries prevalence and experience in individuals with osteogenesis imperfecta: A cross-sectional multicenter study

Spec Care Dentist. 2019 Mar;39(2):214-219. doi: 10.1111/scd.12368. Epub 2019 Feb 13.


Objective: Dentinogenesis Imperfecta (DI) forms a group of dental abnormalities frequently found associated with Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI), a hereditary disease characterized by bone fragility. The objectives of this study were to quantify the dental caries prevalence and experience among different OI-types in the sample population and quantify how much these values change for the subset with DI.

Methods: To determine which clinical characteristics were associated with increased Caries Prevalence and Experience (CPE) in patients with OI, the adjusted DFT scores were used to account for frequent hypodontia, impacted teeth and retained teeth in OI population. For each variable measured, frequency distributions, means, proportions and standard deviations were generated. Groups means were analyzed by the unpaired t-test or ANOVA as appropriate. For multivariate analysis, subjects with caries experience of zero were compared with those with caries experience greater than zero using logistic regression.

Results: The stepwise regression analysis while controlling for all other variables demonstrated the presence of DI (OR 2.43; CI 1.37-4.32; P = 0.002) as the significant independent predictor of CPE in the final model.

Conclusion: This study found no evidence that CPE of OI subjects differs between the types of OI. The presence of DI when controlled for other factors was found to be the significant predictor of CPE.

Keywords: DFT index; DMFT index; caries experience; caries prevalence; dentinogenesis Imperfecta; osteogenesis imperfecta.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Dental Caries / epidemiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta / complications*
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors