Aims: Autosomal recessive nonsyndromic hearing loss (ARNSHL) is the most common form of hereditary deafness. Despite its frequency, the diagnosis of this disorder continues to be a challenging task given its extreme genetic heterogeneity. The purpose of this study was to identify the causative mutation in a consanguineous United Arab Emirates (UAE) family with ARNSHL.
Materials and methods: Clinical exome sequencing (CES) followed by segregation analysis via Sanger sequencing was used to identify the causative mutation. In addition, 109 deaf individuals and 50 deafness-free controls from the UAE population were screened for the identified mutation.
Results and discussion: CES identified the STRC frameshift mutation c.4510del (p.Glu1504Argfs*32) as the causative mutation in this family. Moreover, segregation analysis confirmed the above finding. In addition, the absence of this variant in 109 unrelated deaf individuals and 50 healthy controls indicates that it is rare in the UAE population.
Conclusion: The present study represents the first STRC mutation reported in the UAE population. It also reinforces the power of next-generation sequencing in the diagnosis of heterogenous disorders such as nonsyndromic hearing loss.
Keywords: gene; clinical exome sequencing; frameshift mutation; nonsyndromic hearing loss.