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, 20 (2), 126-130

Improved Microspore Culture and Doubled-Haploid Plant Regeneration in the Brown Condiment Mustard (Brassica Juncea)

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Improved Microspore Culture and Doubled-Haploid Plant Regeneration in the Brown Condiment Mustard (Brassica Juncea)

E Lionneton et al. Plant Cell Rep.

Abstract

The availability of doubled haploids could greatly contribute to improving seed quality in condiment mustard (Brassica juncea). We have developed an efficient and reliable protocol of microspore culture, modified from that of Baillie et al. (1992), based on a modification of the sucrose concentration of culture media. A comparison of microspore culture media differing in their sucrose content showed that a decrease from 17% (w/v) sucrose during the first 48 h to 10% (w/v) thereafter favoured an increase in the production of embryos whatever the responding genotype tested. Thus, out of the 13 B. juncea genotypes studied, 12 gave rise to embryos, and seven of these embryos could be converted into plants. Doubled-haploid plants were produced after treatment with colchicine.

Keywords: Doubled haploids; KeywordsBrassica juncea; Microspore culture; Sucrose.

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