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. 2019 Mar 14;62(5):2798-2813.
doi: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.9b00131. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Discovery of 2-(Imidazo[1,2- b]pyridazin-2-yl)acetic Acid as a New Class of Ligands Selective for the γ-Hydroxybutyric Acid (GHB) High-Affinity Binding Sites

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Discovery of 2-(Imidazo[1,2- b]pyridazin-2-yl)acetic Acid as a New Class of Ligands Selective for the γ-Hydroxybutyric Acid (GHB) High-Affinity Binding Sites

Jacob Krall et al. J Med Chem. .

Abstract

Gabazine, a γ-aminobutyric acid type A (GABAA) receptor antagonist, has previously been reported to inhibit the binding of [3H]NCS-382, a representative ligand of the high-affinity binding site for the neuroactive substance γ-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB). We herein report a study on the structural determinants of gabazine for binding to (i) the orthosteric binding site of the GABAA receptor and (ii) the high-affinity GHB binding site. Expanding the structural diversity of available ligands for the high-affinity GHB binding sites, this study identified 2-(imidazo[1,2- b]pyridazin-2-yl)acetic acid as a novel ligand-scaffold leading to analogues with relatively high affinity ( Ki 0.19-2.19 μM) and >50 times selectivity for the [3H]NCS-382 over [3H]muscimol binding sites. These results highlight that gabazine interacts with the high-affinity GHB and orthosteric GABAA receptor binding sites differently and that distinct analogues can be generated to select between them. To facilitate further in vivo studies, a promising prodrug candidate for brain delivery was identified.

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