Three-Dimensional Printing for Procedure Rehearsal/Simulation/Planning in Interventional Radiology

Tech Vasc Interv Radiol. 2019 Mar;22(1):14-20. doi: 10.1053/j.tvir.2018.10.004. Epub 2018 Nov 2.


With the advances in affordable three-dimensional (3D) printing technology, 3D reconstruction and patient-specific 3D printed models are establishing a crucial role in the field of medicine for both educational purposes and procedural planning. 3D printed models provide physicians with increased 3D perception and tactile feedback, and enable a team-based approach to operational planning. However, performing an effective 3D reconstruction requires an in-depth understanding of the software features to accurately segment and reconstruct the human anatomy of interest from preacquired image data from multiple modalities such as computer tomography, 3D angiography and magnetic resonance imaging, and the different 3D printers/materials available in the market today. Increased understanding of this technology may benefit radiologists by developing techniques and tricks specific to interventional radiology and establishing a criterion to determine when to use these. Thus, the purpose of this manuscript is to provide physicians with an update on currently available 3D reconstruction software as well as printers and materials. Our initial experience using this technology is introduced based on a specific case of developing a 3D printed aorta for a patient with severe stenosis of the abdominal aorta.

Keywords: 3D Printing; Interventional Radiology; Procedure Planning; Procedure Simulation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aorta, Abdominal / diagnostic imaging
  • Aorta, Abdominal / surgery
  • Aortic Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Aortic Diseases / surgery
  • Aortography / methods
  • Arterial Occlusive Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Arterial Occlusive Diseases / surgery
  • Computed Tomography Angiography
  • Constriction, Pathologic
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Angiography
  • Models, Anatomic
  • Models, Cardiovascular*
  • Patient-Specific Modeling*
  • Printing, Three-Dimensional*
  • Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted
  • Radiography, Interventional / methods*
  • Radiology, Interventional / methods*