Future of Implantable Auditory Devices

Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2019 Apr;52(2):363-378. doi: 10.1016/j.otc.2018.11.017. Epub 2019 Feb 12.


The advances in technology leading to rapid developments in implantable auditory devices are constantly evolving. Devices are becoming smaller, less visible, and more efficient. The ability to preserve hearing outcomes with cochlear implantation will continue to evolve as surgical techniques improve with the use of continuous feedback during the procedure as well as with intraoperative delivery of drugs and robot assistance. As engineering methods improve, there may one day be a totally implantable aid that is self-sustaining in hearing-impaired patients making them indistinguishable from patients without hearing loss.

Keywords: Cochlear implants; Future; Microelectromechanical systems; Robotic; Totally implantable.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Audiometry, Evoked Response
  • Coated Materials, Biocompatible*
  • Cochlear Implantation / instrumentation*
  • Cochlear Implantation / methods
  • Cochlear Implants*
  • Electrodes, Implanted
  • Equipment Design*
  • Forecasting
  • Hearing Loss / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Models, Animal
  • Robotic Surgical Procedures


  • Coated Materials, Biocompatible