Objectives: To evaluate the transition from reference infliximab Remicade to biosimilar Remsima in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or psoriatic arthritis (PsA).
Methods: Patients were informed through a letter about the transition to a biosimilar and were subsequently contacted for possible additional questions and whether they agreed upon the transition. Once agreed, Remsima was administered at the same dosage and interval as previous treatment with Remicade. Data on the transition were analyzed in January 2018. The primary outcome was the percentage of patients continuing treatment with Remsima and secondary outcome was the change in disease activity measured with the Disease Activity Score in 28 joints using erythrocyte sedimentation rate (DAS28-ESR). In addition, the reasons for discontinuation with infliximab or restarting Remicade were recorded.
Results: In total 47 patients were approached, 45 patients switched from Remicade to Remsima, two patients disagreed upon transition and continued Remicade. At the end of the follow-up period of 2 years, 39 patients (87%) continued with Remsima, three patients (7%) restarted Remicade due to inefficacy according to the patient (this was not objectified by the rheumatologist) 2 (4%) patients switched to another biological due to lack of effect and in one patient (2%) infliximab was stopped because of lung malignancy. Furthermore, the DAS28-ESR remained comparable before and after the switch, with a mean (SD) of 2.34 (±1.02) and 2.31 (±1.11) respectively.
Conclusion: In our population, 87% of patients continued Remsima during the follow-up period of approximately 2 years. Three patients restarted Remicade, while retaining stable DAS28-ESR.
Keywords: biosimilar; infliximab; transition.
© 2019 Asia Pacific League of Associations for Rheumatology and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.