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Review
, 64 (5), 1079-1088

Update on the Diagnosis and Management of Gastric Intestinal Metaplasia in the USA

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Review

Update on the Diagnosis and Management of Gastric Intestinal Metaplasia in the USA

Judy A Trieu et al. Dig Dis Sci.

Abstract

Gastric intestinal metaplasia (GIM) is a premalignant condition that can lead to intestinal-type gastric adenocarcinoma. It is characterized by a change in the gastric mucosa to a small-intestinal phenotype. Infection with Helicobacter pylori is the most common factor associated with GIM. Although GIM is typically a histologic diagnosis, various techniques have been developed to enable the endoscopic identification of GIM. There are presently no widely accepted guidelines on screening and surveillance strategies in patients with GIM in the USA. The aim of this review is to provide an update regarding the problem, diagnosis, and management of GIM in the USA.

Keywords: Early gastric cancer; Gastric adenocarcinoma; Gastric intestinal metaplasia; Helicobacter pylori.

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