Purpose: To describe the primary effects of electromyographic biofeedback therapy on swallowing via a systematic review.
Methods: A blind search was carried out by two researchers in the PubMed and Bireme platforms and in the Medline, Lilacs, SciELO, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and Web of Science databases, and the journal articles identified therein were evaluated for inclusion in the study. Original articles associated with the theme were selected with no population-, region-, or language-associated limits. A protocol was created for this study with the following points: author, year, place, number and characteristics of participants, activities evaluated, instruments used, and main results. The PEDro scale was used to analyze the quality of the studies.
Results: Among the 686 articles identified in the combined searches, 566 were duplicates. A total of 65 articles were discarded after the title and abstract were read, and a further 29 articles were discarded after the full text was read, yielding a total of six articles for inclusion. In summary, the results lead us to believe that positive effects on the laryngeal lifting capacity, improved swallowing functions, and increased excursion and maximal elevation of the hyoid bone, may be directly related to this method of therapy.
Conclusions: Adjunctive therapeutic protocols with biofeedback electromyography exert positive effects on swallowing function.
Keywords: Biofeedback treatment; Deglutition; Deglutition disorders; Electromyography.