Success Factors Enabling Employment for Adults on the Autism Spectrum from Employers' Perspective

J Autism Dev Disord. 2020 May;50(5):1657-1667. doi: 10.1007/s10803-019-03923-3.


Employment outcomes for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are poor and there is limited understanding on how best to support individuals with ASD in the workplace. Stakeholders involved in the employment of adults with ASD, including employers and employment service providers have unique insights into the factors influencing employment for this population. Organisational and individual factors facilitating successful employment for adults with ASD across Australia and Sweden were explored, including the supports and strategies underpinning employment success from an employers' perspective. Three themes including Knowledge and Understanding of ASD, Work Environment and Job Match emerged, suggesting that a holistic approach was key to supporting success, with employer knowledge and understanding of ASD underpinning their ability to facilitate employment.

Keywords: Autism; Competitive employment; Employment outcomes; Vocational support.

MeSH terms

  • Achievement*
  • Adult
  • Australia / epidemiology
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder / diagnosis
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder / epidemiology
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder / psychology*
  • Employee Performance Appraisal / methods*
  • Employment / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Sweden / epidemiology
  • Workplace / psychology*