Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a cosmopolite bacteria and the main responsible for the high burden of gastric cancer in developing countries, such as Peru. In this review, we describe some historical facts in the H. Pylori discovery, the first researches of this bacterium in Peru, as well as its epidemiology, clinical characteristics, diagnosis, treatments, and outcomes. Our literature and review of real-life data suggest that several efforts should be conducted in our country to deal with antibiotic-resistance and lack of adherence to treatment in order to reduce our incidence of gastric cancer.
Keywords: Antibiotic therapy; Epidemiology; Gastric cancer; Helicobacter pylori; Public health.
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