Purpose: To compare the characteristics of infants whose retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) resolves in <50 weeks with those of infants whose ROP resolves in >50 weeks' postmenstrual age (PMA) in order to identify which infants are at risk for delayed resolution and to evaluate whether severe ROP developed after 50 weeks' PMA.
Methods: The medical records of infants screened for ROP from January 2008 to December 2016 at a tertiary care facility were reviewed retrospectively. Infants without follow-up prior to ROP resolution or complete retinal vascularization and those with retinal detachment were excluded. Delayed resolution of ROP was defined as presence of immature retinal vasculature at ≥50 weeks' PMA. The birth characteristics, neonatal complications, and ROP characteristics of infants with and without delayed resolution were compared.
Results: A total of 996 infants were included, of whom 136 (13.6%) showed delayed resolution. Increasing severity of ROP (higher stage, lower zone, plus/pre-plus disease) and type 2 ROP was associated with delayed resolution (P < 0.05). Other variables associated with delayed resolution included <28 weeks gestational age, ≤3rd percentile birth weight, positive blood culture sepsis, necrotizing enterocolitis, intraventricular hemorrhage, and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (P < 0.05). No infants developed type 1 after 50 weeks' PMA. After a prolonged follow-up course consistent with AAP guidelines, a single patient in our study cohort was treated at 81 weeks' PMA for persistent type 2 ROP.
Conclusions: In our cohort, delayed resolution of ROP was more likely in infants with more severe ROP or a complex neonatal course. No patient with delayed resolution developed type 1 ROP after 50 weeks' PMA, supporting AAP guidelines.
Copyright © 2019 American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.