Poor overall survival in hyperhaploid multiple myeloma is defined by double-hit bi-allelic inactivation of TP53

Oncotarget. 2019 Jan 22;10(7):732-737. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.26589.


Hyperhaploid multiple myeloma is a rare numerical aberration group defined by a range of 24-34 chromosomes, which is associated with a poor prognosis with a 5-year survival rate of 23%. Hyperhaploid patient samples (n=8) were sequenced and copy number and mutations identified. Samples had a median of 13 monosomies (range 12-14), which in general were those not associated with trisomies in hyperdiploid samples. The chromosomes traditionally trisomic in hyperdiploid myeloma were disomic in hyperhaploid myeloma with retention of heterodisomy. We examined the hyperhaploid samples for frequently mutated genes and found that 8/8 (100%) hyperhaploid samples had a mutation in TP53, exceeding the overall rate of mutation in newly diagnosed patients (5.5%), indicating an oncogenic dependency in this group. All samples with TP53 mutation also had monosomy of chromosome 17, indicating bi-allelic inactivation of TP53. As such, this high risk group is part of double-hit myeloma.

Keywords: TP53; bi-allelic; double-hit; myeloma; survival.