Iodine quantification based on rest / stress perfusion dual energy CT to differentiate ischemic, infarcted and normal myocardium

Eur J Radiol. 2019 Mar:112:136-143. doi: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2019.01.017. Epub 2019 Jan 16.


Background: The aim of this study was to assess the potential of rest-stress DECT iodine quantification to discriminate between normal, ischemic, and infarcted myocardium.

Methods: Patients who underwent rest-stress DECT on a 2nd generation dual-source system and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) were retrospectively included from a prospective study cohort. CMR was performed to identify ischemic and infarcted myocardium and categorize patients into ischemic, infarcted, and control groups. Controls were analyzed on a per-slice and per-segment basis. Regions of interest (ROIs) were placed in ischemic and infarcted areas based on CMR. Additionally, ROIs were placed in the septal area to assess normal and remote myocardium.

Results: We included 42 patients: 10 ischemic, 17 infarcted, and 15 controls. Iodine concentrations showed no significant between segments in controls. Iodine concentrations for normal myocardium increased significantly from rest to stress (median 3.7 mg/mL (interquartile range 3.5-3.9) vs. 4.5 mg/mL (4.3-4.9)) (p < 0.001). Iodine concentrations in diseased myocardium were significantly lower than in normal myocardium; 1.3 mg/mL (0.9-1.8) and 0.6 mg/mL (0.4-0.8) at rest and stress in ischemic myocardium, and 0.3 mg/mL (0.3-0.5) and 0.5 mg/mL (0.5-0.7) at rest and stress in infarcted myocardium (p < 0.005 and p < 0.001). At rest only, iodine concentrations were significantly lower in infarcted vs. ischemic myocardium (p < 0.001). The optimal threshold for differentiating diseased from normal myocardium was 2.5 mg/mL and 2.1 mg/mL for rest and stress (AUC 1.00). To discriminate ischemic from infarcted myocardium, the optimal threshold was 1.0 mg/ml (AUC 0.944) at rest.

Conclusion: DECT iodine concentration from rest-stress imaging can potentially differentiate between normal, ischemic, and infarcted myocardium.

Keywords: Dual energy CT; Infarct; Iodine quantification; Ischemia; Magnetic resonance imaging; Myocardial perfusion.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Contrast Media / pharmacokinetics*
  • Exercise Test / methods
  • Female
  • Heart / physiology
  • Humans
  • Iodine / pharmacokinetics*
  • Magnetic Resonance Angiography / methods
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction / diagnosis
  • Myocardial Ischemia / diagnosis*
  • Myocardial Perfusion Imaging / methods
  • Myocardium / chemistry
  • Prospective Studies
  • Rest
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods


  • Contrast Media
  • Iodine