Alpine Skiing Injuries

Sports Health. 2019 Jan/Feb;11(1):18-26. doi: 10.1177/1941738118813051.


Context:: Alpine skiing is a popular sport worldwide but has significant risk for injury. The epidemiology of skiing-related injuries has been described, which has led to the identification of risk factors for specific types of injuries.

Evidence acquisition:: Pertinent literature from peer-reviewed publications was reviewed.

Study design:: Clinical review.

Level of evidence:: Level 5.

Results:: The adoption of international standards for ski-boot-binding systems has changed the profile of skiing-related injuries over time, as has the widespread use of helmets. An understanding of mechanisms of injury, risk factors, and preventative measures may decrease the incidence of skiing-related injuries.

Conclusion:: Advances in standards for skiing equipment have been effective at decreasing both the frequency and severity of skiing-related injuries, but additional efforts are required to improve the safety of the sport.

Keywords: alpine skiing; anterior cruciate ligament (ACL); epidemiology; head injury; injury.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Age Distribution
  • Craniocerebral Trauma / epidemiology
  • Craniocerebral Trauma / prevention & control
  • Head Protective Devices
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Lower Extremity / injuries
  • Neck Injuries / epidemiology
  • Neck Injuries / prevention & control
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Distribution
  • Skiing / injuries*
  • Sports Equipment
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Upper Extremity / injuries