Objective: The aim of this study was to perform the static and dynamic biomechanical assessment of postural structure and analyze variations of foot pressure in elite golfers.
Methods: A total of 8 golfers (3 female, mean age 15.33 ± 0.57 years; mean height 167 ± 3.61 cm and mean weight 59.3 ± 11.71 kg; 5 male, mean age 17 ± 0.83 years; mean height 177.2 ± 8.61 cm; mean weight 72.8 ± 15.61 kg) from Turkish National Team were participated to this study. Digital Biometry Images Scanning (DBIS) system was used for BioPostural analyses. All participants were applied Modular Electronic Baropodometric test for foot pressure evaluation and Stabilometry for body balance evaluation. Results were analyzed by SPSS 16.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) program, using Wilcoxon test.
Results: In static evaluation, there were significant differences in forefoot and rearfoot surface (cm2) (p < 0.05); forefoot and rearfoot load (%) (p < 0.05); forefoot and rearfoot weight ratio (%) (p < 0.05) and foot angle (p < 0.05). In dynamic evaluation, there were significant differences in right and left foot surface and load values (p < 0.05). The golfers dominant foot values were higher than non-dominant foot and also the balance parameters were found to be high (p < 0.05). The BPI Static mean value of the golfers were 7 points. The BPI Dynamic mean value of the golfers were 29 points. Also the golfers' Stabilometric (Balance) Evaluation results were 20 points, whereas the norm values ranged from 0 to 10.
Conclusion: Our results suggest that static and dynamic postural structure parameters are very important for performances and injuries of the golfers. It is believed that these differences were due to the weight transfer applied especially in the swing motion at the moment of impact.
Level of evidence: Level IV, Diagnostic Study.
Keywords: Baropodometric test; Foot; Golf; Posture; Pressure.
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