In view of the limited information available on functional significance of TRPV1 in regulating sperm functions, present study was undertaken on bull spermatozoa. Sixty four ejaculates were collected from four Hariana bulls and were used for molecular and functional characterisation of TRPV1. Immunoblotting using TRPV1 specific antibody revealed the presence of a single band of 104 kDa corresponding to TRPV1 in Hariana bull spermatozoa. Indirect immuno fluorescence revealed positive immune-reactivity to TRPV1 at acrosomal, pre-acrosomal, post acrosomal and flagellar regions of spermatozoa. Based on the results of pilot study dose-response analysis, doses of anandamide (AEA; 0.3 μM) and capsazepine (Cp; 10 μM) were selected for further studies. Three groups of semen samples (control 100 μL diluted semen having 1 × 106 spermatozoa; anandamide (3 μL AEA+97 μL of diluted semen containing 1 × 106 spermatozoa and Cp (1 μL Cp+99 μL of diluted semen containing 1 × 106 spermatozoa) were used to study the functional involvement of TRPV1 in bull spermatozoa. Blocking of TRPV1 with Cp resulted in significant (P < 0.05) reduction in progressive sperm motility (PSM) as compared to control. With activation of TRPV1 using AEA also, PSM was significantly (P < 0.05) decreased till 1h and thereafter the PSM was sustained to the level as observed in control. However, both during blocking and activation of TRPV1, per cent spermatozoa showing hyperactive motility were significantly (P < 0.05) increased (20-30%) compared to the control. Treatment with both Cp and AEA revealed significant (P < 0.05) increase in B-pattern of spermatozoa in chlortetracycline hydrochloride (CTC) staining indicating induction of capacitation. Inhibition of soluble adenyl cyclase (sAC) with 99 nM KH7and protein kinase A (PKA) with 3 μM P9115 significantly (P < 0.05) decreased PSM both in the presence of Cp and AEA. Blocking as well as activation of TRPV1 showed significant (P < 0.05) reduction in sperm livability, intact membrane, intact acrosome, high mitochondrial transmembrane potential; hence indicating the involvement of TRPV1 in regulation of sperm functions in bulls. From the study-it was concluded that TRPV1 channels are found in bull spermatozoa and mediate number of sperm functions like motility, hypermotility, capacitation and acrosome reaction. Further studies are required to find out the possible relationship between TRPV1 channels and other channels in regulating spermatozoa function and possible mechanisms associated with TRPV1 activation as well as its role in sperm function regulation.
Keywords: AEA; Bull; Capacitation; Cp; Hyperactive motility; Progressive sperm motility; Spermatozoa; TRPV1.
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