Computational Study of the Reaction of 1-Methyl-4-amino-1,2,4-triazolium Dicyanamide with NO 2: From Reaction Dynamics to Potential Surfaces, Kinetics and Spectroscopy

J Phys Chem B. 2019 Apr 4;123(13):2956-2970. doi: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.9b01015. Epub 2019 Mar 13.


Direct dynamics trajectories were calculated at the B3LYP/6-31G(d) level of theory in an attempt to understand the reaction of 1-methyl-4-amino-1,2,4-triazolium dicyanamide (MAT+DCA-) with NO2. The trajectories revealed an extensive intra-ion-pair proton transfer in MAT+DCA-. The reaction pathways of the ensuing HDCA (i.e., HNCNCN) and [MAT+ - HC5+] (i.e., deprotonated at C5-H of MAT+) molecules as well as DCA- with NO2 were identified. The reaction of NO2 with HDCA and DCA- produces HNC(-ONO)NCN and NCNC(-ONO)N- or NCNCN-NO2-, respectively, whereas that with [MAT+ - HC5+] results in the formation of 5-O-MAT (i.e., 4-amino-2-methyl-2,4-dihydro-3 H-1,2,4-triazo-3-one) + NO and [MAT+ - H2+] + HNO2. Using trajectories for guidance, structures of intermediates, transition states and products, and the corresponding reaction potential surfaces were elucidated at B3LYP/6-311++ G(d,p). Rice-Ramsperger-Kassel-Marcus (RRKM) theory was utilized to calculate the reaction rates and statistical product branching ratios. A comparison of direct dynamics simulations with RRKM modeling results indicate that the reactions of NO2 with HDCA and DCA- are nonstatistical. To validate our computational results, infrared and Raman spectra of MAT+DCA- and its reaction products with NO2 were calculated using an ionic liquid solvation model. The calculated spectra reproduced the vibrational frequencies detected in an earlier spectroscopic study of MAT+DCA- droplets with NO2 [ Brotton , S. J. ; J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2017 , 8 , 6053 ].

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.