Background: Ebola vaccine development was accelerated in response to the 2014 Ebola virus infection outbreak. This phase 1 study (VAC52150EBL1004) assessed safety, tolerability, and immunogenicity of heterologous 2-dose Ad26.ZEBOV, MVA-BN-Filo vaccination regimens in the Lake Victoria Basin of Tanzania and Uganda in mid-level altitude, malaria-endemic settings.
Methods: Healthy volunteers aged 18-50 years from Tanzania (n = 25) and Uganda (n = 47) were randomized to receive placebo or active vaccination with Ad26.ZEBOV or MVA-BN-Filo (first vaccination), followed by MVA-BN-Filo or Ad26.ZEBOV (second vaccination) dose 2, respectively, with intervals of 28 or 56 days.
Results: Seventy-two adults were randomized to receive vaccine (n = 60) or placebo (n = 12). No vaccine-related serious adverse events were reported. The most frequent solicited local and systemic adverse events were injection site pain (frequency, 70%, 66%, and 42% per dose for MVA-BN-Filo, Ad26.ZEBOV, and placebo, respectively) and headache (57%, 56%, and 46%, respectively). Adverse event patterns were similar among regimens. Twenty-one days after dose 2, 100% of volunteers demonstrated binding antibody responses against Ebola virus glycoprotein, and 87%-100% demonstrated neutralizing antibody responses. Ad26.ZEBOV dose 1 vaccination induced more-robust initial binding antibody and cellular responses than MVA-BN-Filo dose 1 vaccination.
Conclusions: Heterologous 2-dose vaccination with Ad26.ZEBOV and MVA-BN-Filo against Ebola virus is well tolerated and immunogenic in healthy volunteers.
Clinical trials registration: NCT02376400.
Keywords: Ad26.ZEBOV; Ebola vaccine; MVA-BN-Filo; heterologous 2-dose; safety and immunogenicity.
© The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press for the Infectious Diseases Society of America.