Pseudomonas qingdaonensis sp. nov., an aflatoxin-degrading bacterium, isolated from peanut rhizospheric soil

Arch Microbiol. 2019 Jul;201(5):673-678. doi: 10.1007/s00203-019-01636-w. Epub 2019 Feb 23.


A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, mobile, and rod-shaped bacterium, designated JJ3T, was isolated from peanut rhizospheric soil in Qingdao, Shandong Province, China, and was characterized using a polyphasic approach. Strain JJ3T grew at 4-40 °C, at pH 5.0-9.0 and 0-4% NaCl. The strain was positive for both catalase and oxidase tests, and was able to degrade aflatoxin B1. According to the 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons, the strain JJ3T was identified as a member of the genus Pseudomonas and was most closely related to Pseudomonas japonica JCM 21532T and Pseudomonas alkylphenolica JCM 16553T with sequence similarity of 99.0% and 98.9%, respectively. A multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) of concatenating 16S rRNA, gyrB and rpoD gene sequences showed that strain JJ3T belonged to the Pseudomonas putida subcluster. Genomic comparison of strain JJ3T with its closest phylogenetic type strain using average nucleotide index (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA relatedness revealed 76.7-82.9% and 20.2-37.1%, respectively. All values were distinctly lower than the thresholds established for species differentiation. The predominant cellular fatty acids of strain JJ3T were C17:0 cyclo (24.0%), C16:0 (21.4%), summed features 3 (C16:1ω7c and/or C16:1ω6c) (11.5%) and summed features 8 (C18:1ω7c and/or C18:1ω6c) (10.5%). The major polar lipids of strain JJ3T were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and diphosphatidylglycerol. The physiological, biochemical, and genetic characteristics support the assignment of JJ3T to the genus Pseudomonas, but are different to those of phylogenetically neighboring species to represent a novel species. The name Pseudomonas qingdaonensis sp. nov. is proposed, with JJ3T (= JCM 32579T = KCTC 62384T = CGMCC 1.16493T) as the type strain.

Keywords: 16S rRNA gene; Polyphasic taxonomy; Pseudomonas qingdaonensis sp. nov.; Soil.

MeSH terms

  • Aflatoxin B1 / metabolism*
  • Arachis / microbiology*
  • Bacterial Typing Techniques
  • Base Composition / genetics
  • Catalase / analysis
  • China
  • DNA, Bacterial / genetics
  • Fatty Acids / analysis
  • Genes, Bacterial
  • Multilocus Sequence Typing
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization
  • Oxidoreductases / analysis
  • Phospholipids / analysis
  • Phylogeny
  • Pseudomonas / classification*
  • Pseudomonas / genetics
  • Pseudomonas / isolation & purification
  • Pseudomonas / metabolism*
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Soil
  • Soil Microbiology


  • DNA, Bacterial
  • Fatty Acids
  • Phospholipids
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
  • Soil
  • Aflatoxin B1
  • Oxidoreductases
  • Catalase