COQ8A and MED25 Mutations in a Child with Intellectual Disability, Microcephaly, Seizures, and Spastic Ataxia: Synergistic Effect of Digenic Variants?

Mol Syndromol. 2019 Jan;9(6):319-323. doi: 10.1159/000494465. Epub 2018 Nov 9.


We report on a girl, born to first-cousin Lebanese parents, with severe intellectual disability, congenital hip luxation, cardiac malformation, short stature, facial dysmorphic features including microcephaly, sparse hair, bilateral epicanthal folds, ataxia, seizures, and elevated lactate and pyruvate levels in serum. Whole exome sequencing was carried out on the patient's DNA. Potentially causal homozygous variants in the MED25 (p.Ile173Thr) and COQ8A (p.Arg512Trp) genes were found. The potential pathogenicity of these variants, and the possibility that the 2 variants could synergistically act to produce the phenotype reported, is discussed.

Keywords: Cerebellar ataxia; Dysmorphology; Whole exome sequencing.