With the recovery of whale populations, carcass strandings on beaches are growing. Beach burial is a common management option for stranded carcasses. However, communities fear shark attraction following leachate transport to the ocean via submarine groundwater discharge. Here, a sediment column mesocosm experiment indicated that carcasses can be a localised source of dissolved organic carbon (DOC), phosphate and ammonium to groundwater. The spatial reach of the leachate plume was <2.5 m, while the temporal stabilisation occurred over 100-300 days. No significant chemical signals were observed under a beach-buried carcass, implying effective attenuation of decomposition plumes. For beaches with conditions similar to our one-directional, fast-flowing sediment experiment generating extreme groundwater contamination, it is unlikely that any leachate from a whale carcass would reach the ocean if buried >25 m onshore. Therefore, carcass leachate plumes would only potentially attract sharks to the surf under specific conditions not experienced during our experiments.
Keywords: Attenuation; Biogeochemistry; Cetacean; Coastal management; Marine pollution; Permeable sediments; Subterranean estuaries.
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