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, 60 (2), 823-829

Changes in Peripapillary Microvasculature and Retinal Thickness in the Fellow Eyes of Patients With Unilateral Retinal Vein Occlusion: An OCTA Study

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Changes in Peripapillary Microvasculature and Retinal Thickness in the Fellow Eyes of Patients With Unilateral Retinal Vein Occlusion: An OCTA Study

Yong-Il Shin et al. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci.

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate changes in peripapillary microvascular parameters in the fellow eyes of patients with unilateral retinal vein occlusion (RVO) using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and to determine the relationships between peripapillary microvasculature and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GC-IPL) thickness.

Methods: Eighty-three patients with unilateral RVO (50 patients with branch RVO and 33 with central RVO) and 83 normal controls were enrolled. OCTA (Cirrus HD-OCT 5000 with AngioPlex) 6 × 6-mm scans centered on the optic disc were acquired. Peripapillary vessel density (VD) and perfusion density (PD) were automatically calculated.

Results: The average RNFL and GC-IPL thicknesses in the fellow eyes of RVO patients were significantly thinner than in normal controls (93.5 vs. 96.6 μm, P = 0.013 and 81.3 vs. 84.1 μm, P = 0.003, respectively). In the fellow eyes of patients with unilateral RVO, the peripapillary VD of the inner ring, outer ring, and full area (17.47, 18.50, and 17.89, respectively) were significantly lower than those of controls (17.87, 18.87, and 18.27, respectively). The peripapillary PD of the inner ring, outer ring, and full area (0.456, 0.467, and 0.456, respectively) were also significantly lower than those of controls (0.468, 0.476, and 0.466, respectively). RNFL and GC-IPL thicknesses were correlated with both peripapillary VD and PD.

Conclusions: OCTA revealed that peripapillary microvascular parameters in the fellow eyes of patients with unilateral RVO were decreased, and GC-IPL and RNFL thinning were also observed. The RNFL and GC-IPL thicknesses were positively correlated with both peripapillary VD and PD.

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