Modulation of Obesity and Insulin Resistance by the Redox Enzyme and Adaptor Protein p66 Shc

Int J Mol Sci. 2019 Feb 24;20(4):985. doi: 10.3390/ijms20040985.

Abstract

Initially reported as a longevity-related protein, the 66 kDa isoform of the mammalian Shc1 locus has been implicated in several metabolic pathways, being able to act both as an adaptor protein and as a redox enzyme capable of generating reactive oxygen species (ROS) when it localizes to the mitochondrion. Ablation of p66Shc has been shown to be protective against obesity and the insurgence of insulin resistance, but not all the studies available in the literature agree on these points. This review will focus in particular on the role of p66Shc in the modulation of glucose homeostasis, obesity, body temperature, and respiration/energy expenditure. In view of the obesity and diabetes epidemic, p66Shc may represent a promising therapeutic target with enormous implications for human health.

Keywords: adipose tissue; aging; diabetes; glucose tolerance; metabolic syndrome; muscle; oxidative stress.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Energy Metabolism
  • Humans
  • Insulin Resistance*
  • Obesity / enzymology*
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Signal Transduction
  • Src Homology 2 Domain-Containing, Transforming Protein 1 / metabolism*

Substances

  • Src Homology 2 Domain-Containing, Transforming Protein 1