The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of hyperuricemia and acute gout after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Risk factors for developing gout were also examined. Eighty-five patients underwent LSG were enrolled in this prospective study. Serum uric acid levels, gout attacks and total water levels % derived by bioimpedance were examined pre-operatively and 1 month post-operatively. Hyperuricemia was identified in 30.6% pre-operatively and in 18.82% of patients post-operatively. From the patients' group with pre-operative hyperuricemia, 53.9% were normalized, 46.2% had increased uric acid post-operatively while gout was observed in 11.5%. From the patients group without pre-operative hyperuricemia, hyperuricemia and gout were observed in 6.8% and 5.1% post-operatively, respectively. The relative risk for developing hyperuricemia was 6.2 (95% confidence interval [CI] 2.2-17.8) and for developing gout was 2.3 (95% CI 2.2-17.8). Statistical significant differences for gout among the groups with and without gout were indicated concerning pre-operative use of medications (P < 0.001), age (P = 0.025), post-operative uric acid levels (P < 0.001) and post-operative total water levels % (P = 0.048). The prevalence of hyperuricemia was 18.8% and gout attack of 7.1% 1 month after LSG. From the cohort of patients with pre-operative hyperuricemia, a significant proportion normalized uric acid, while 11.5% developed gout. Patients without hyperuricemia pre-operatively developed hyperuricemia and gout in 6.8% and 5.1% post-operatively, respectively. The patients who had gout were younger and had 37% water levels post-operatively.
Keywords: bariatric surgery; gout; hyperuricemia; laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy.
© 2019 World Obesity Federation.