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, 41 (8), 973-976

Accessory Right Spermatic Ganglion: Possible Embryological Basis and Clinical Significance

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Case Reports

Accessory Right Spermatic Ganglion: Possible Embryological Basis and Clinical Significance

Shiva M Nair et al. Surg Radiol Anat.

Abstract

The spermatic ganglia are collections of sympathetic neuron cell bodies located within the cords of the infrarenal aortic plexus, positioned at the origin of the testicular arteries in males. During routine dissection of the aortic plexus at our institution, one specimen exhibited a second (accessory) testicular artery on the right side that coursed retrocaval. Histology was used to confirm the presence of an accessory right spermatic ganglion at the base of the accessory retrocaval testicular artery. Interestingly, the accessory spermatic ganglion was also supplied by its own right lumbar splanchnic nerve. This is the first case to describe the anatomy of an accessory spermatic ganglion in a specimen that exhibits an accessory testicular artery on the right side. This neurovascular variation is of interest to surgeons who aim to perform nerve-sparing retroperitoneal lymph node dissections for malignancy.

Keywords: Accessory spermatic ganglion; Accessory testicular artery; Nerve-sparing; Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection; Sympathetic chain.

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