Antifungal coumarins and lignans from Artemisia annua

Fitoterapia. 2019 Apr;134:323-328. doi: 10.1016/j.fitote.2019.02.022. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Abstract

Two new coumarins (1 and 2), two new lignans (3 and 4), one new phloroglucinol derivative (5), together with eleven known compounds, were isolated from Artemisia annua. Their structures were identified by spectroscopic methods with 1 to be secured by X-ray diffraction. Antifungal activities of the isolates against Fusarium oxysporum, Fusarium solani, and Cylindrocarpon destrutans were evaluated. It was found that compound 1 could inhibit all the fungal strains with respective MIC values of 18.75, and 25.00 μg/mL. In contrast, compounds 4, 5, 7, and 8 are active toward C. destrutans and 14 displays inhibitory property toward F. solani.

Keywords: Antifungal activities; Artemisia annua; Coumarins; Lignans; Phloroglucinol.

MeSH terms

  • Artemisia annua / chemistry*
  • China
  • Coumarins / isolation & purification
  • Coumarins / pharmacology*
  • Fungicides, Industrial / isolation & purification
  • Fungicides, Industrial / pharmacology*
  • Fusarium / drug effects*
  • Lignans / isolation & purification
  • Lignans / pharmacology*
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Molecular Structure
  • Phytochemicals / isolation & purification
  • Phytochemicals / pharmacology

Substances

  • Coumarins
  • Fungicides, Industrial
  • Lignans
  • Phytochemicals