Uric acid analogue as a possible xenobiotic marker of uric acid transporter Urat1 in rats

Drug Metab Pharmacokinet. 2019 Apr;34(2):155-158. doi: 10.1016/j.dmpk.2018.12.003. Epub 2018 Dec 27.


The inhibitor of uric acid reabsorptive transporter URAT1 in kidney is drawing attention as a drug target for hyperuricemia. However, it is difficult to evaluate efficacy of URAT1 inhibitors in vivo using laboratory animals due to species difference in uric acid metabolism. In the present study, the usefulness of exogenously administering uric acid analogues resistant to uricase was investigated for in vivo evaluation of transport activity of rUrat1 in rats. Uptake of examined four uric acid analogues by rUrat1-expressing Xenopus oocytes was significantly higher than that by water-injected oocytes. In metabolism studies, disappearance of these compounds was negligible, while uric acid was significantly decreased. When oxypurinol was administered to rats, fractional excretion (FE) was 0.4, suggesting reabsorption of oxypurinol. Moreover, FE of oxypurinol was tended to be increased, but not statistically different, by co-administration of a uricosuric agent FYU-981, while plasma concentration of oxypurinol was not affected. These results suggested that oxypurinol is a potential uric acid analogue, although it was not suitable as a probe of uric acid in in vivo study. Our findings may contribute to discovery and development of novel uricosuric agent targeting URAT1.

Keywords: Analogue; Animal model; Kidney; URAT1; Uric acid; Xenobiotic marker.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anion Transport Proteins / metabolism*
  • Biomarkers / analysis
  • Biomarkers / metabolism
  • Male
  • Oxypurinol / administration & dosage
  • Oxypurinol / analysis*
  • Oxypurinol / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Uric Acid / analogs & derivatives*
  • Uric Acid / analysis*
  • Uric Acid / metabolism
  • Xenobiotics / analysis*
  • Xenobiotics / metabolism


  • Anion Transport Proteins
  • Biomarkers
  • Slc22a12 protein, rat
  • Xenobiotics
  • Uric Acid
  • Oxypurinol