Early death by tuberculosis as the underlying cause in a state of Southern Brazil: Profile, comorbidities and associated vulnerabilities

Int J Infect Dis. 2019 Mar:80S:S50-S57. doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2019.02.043. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Abstract

Aim: To know the profile of adults who died by tuberculosis as the main cause, the time interval between the diagnosis and death, associated comorbidities and vulnerabilities.

Method: Observational study of secondary data regarding deaths by tuberculosis that occurred in the State of Paraná, Brazil, from 2008 to 2015. A linkage between the databases of mortality and tuberculosis notification system was conducted for data enrichment. Frequency tables, Exact Fisher test and Z test have identified statistical associations.

Results: Linkage points out 12.1% (115/944) of under-reporting in the 944 deaths identified. Early deaths accounted for 74.6% (705/944). The male sex (75.8%) was associated with the early death group. Almost half of the deaths reported in notification system (414/829) had one or more vulnerabilities. Early death were associated with respiratory system diseases and symptoms (p=0.0001) and mental and behavioral disorders (p=0.0001).

Conclusion: High number of early deaths due TB indicate the need to seek out the respiratory symptomatic and use faster diagnostic methods. Strategies for treatment adherence, adequate monitoring of comorbidities and multisectorial support may prevent early and late death. The presence of vulnerabilities indicates that efforts beyond the health sector are needed in order to eliminate tuberculosis as public health problem.

Keywords: Brazil; Comorbidity; Death; Epidemiology; Mortality; Tuberculosis; Vulnerability.

MeSH terms

  • Brazil
  • Cause of Death
  • Comorbidity*
  • Databases, Factual
  • Disease Notification
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Public Health
  • Tuberculosis / epidemiology*
  • Tuberculosis / mortality*