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Review
, 76 (11), 2111-2132

Anti-inflammatory Cytokines in Endometriosis

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Review

Anti-inflammatory Cytokines in Endometriosis

Wen-Jie Zhou et al. Cell Mol Life Sci.

Abstract

Although the pathogenesis of endometriosis is not fully understood, it is often considered to be an inflammatory disease. An increasing number of studies suggest that differential expression of anti-inflammatory cytokines (e.g., interleukin-4 and -10, and transforming growth factor-β1) occurs in women with endometriosis, including in serum, peritoneal fluid and ectopic lesions. These anti-inflammatory cytokines also have indispensable roles in the progression of endometriosis, including by promoting survival, growth, invasion, differentiation, angiogenesis, and immune escape of the endometriotic lesions. In this review, we provide an overview of the expression, origin, function and regulation of anti-inflammatory cytokines in endometriosis, with brief discussion and perspectives on their future clinical implications in the diagnosis and therapy of the disease.

Keywords: Anti-inflammatory; Cytokine; Endometrial stromal cells; Endometriosis; IL-10; Macrophage; NK cells; T cells; TGF-β.

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