The Cerebellar Thalamus

Cerebellum. 2019 Jun;18(3):635-648. doi: 10.1007/s12311-019-01019-3.


The thalamus is a neural processor and integrator for the activities of the forebrain. Surprisingly, little is known about the roles of the "cerebellar" thalamus despite the anatomical observation that all the cortico-cerebello-cortical loops make relay in the main subnuclei of the thalamus. The thalamus displays a broad range of electrophysiological responses, such as neuronal spiking, bursting, or oscillatory rhythms, which contribute to precisely shape and to synchronize activities of cortical areas. We emphasize that the cerebellar thalamus deserves a renewal of interest to better understand its specific contributions to the cerebellar motor and associative functions, especially at a time where the anatomy between cerebellum and basal ganglia is being rewritten.

Keywords: Burst; Cerebellum; Cognition; Dynamical system; Inverse model; Movement; Rebound; Spike; Thalamus; Tremor.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cerebellum / anatomy & histology
  • Cerebellum / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Neural Pathways / anatomy & histology
  • Neural Pathways / physiology*
  • Thalamus / anatomy & histology
  • Thalamus / physiology*