Bone marrow oedema-type signal in the proximal phalanx of Thoroughbred racehorses

J Vet Med Sci. 2019 Apr 16;81(4):593-597. doi: 10.1292/jvms.18-0530. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Abstract

This study focused on 8 Thoroughbred racehorses showing bone marrow oedema-type signal in the proximal sagittal groove of the proximal phalanx, with the aim of understanding its clinical significance. Standing magnetic resonance imaging played an important role in assessing osseous abnormalities that were not radiographically identifiable. Further, a histopathological result from one of the cases showed there was oedema surrounding adipose tissues with increase in density of trabecular scaffolding. This may indicate presence of osseous injury within the area of decreased elasticity due to subchondral bone modeling. This study suggests that detection of osseous abnormality based on bone marrow oedema-type signal, and application of appropriate care following injury would contribute to prevent deterioration of stress-related fractures of the proximal phalanx.

Keywords: Thoroughbred; bone marrow oedema; magnetic resonance imaging; proximal phalanx.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adipose Tissue / pathology
  • Animals
  • Bone Marrow Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Bone Marrow Diseases / veterinary*
  • Edema / diagnosis
  • Edema / veterinary*
  • Female
  • Forelimb / diagnostic imaging*
  • Fractures, Stress / diagnostic imaging
  • Fractures, Stress / veterinary
  • Horses
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / veterinary
  • Male