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. 2019 May 15;276:37-44.
doi: 10.1016/j.ygcen.2019.03.003. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Site-specific Roles of N-linked Oligosaccharides in Recombinant Eel Follicle-Stimulating Hormone for Secretion and Signal Transduction

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Site-specific Roles of N-linked Oligosaccharides in Recombinant Eel Follicle-Stimulating Hormone for Secretion and Signal Transduction

Jung-Min Kim et al. Gen Comp Endocrinol. .

Abstract

Eel follicle-stimulating hormone (eelFSH) is composed of a common α-subunit and a hormone specific β-subunit, both of which contain two N-linked carbohydrate residues. We characterized the biologically active single chains by fusing the α-subunit to the carboxyl terminal region of the eelFSH β-subunit. Expression vectors were constructed and the biological activity of the recombinant hormones (rec-hormones) was characterized using Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) K1 cells expressing the eelFSH receptor gene. Mutagenesis of the individual and double glycosylated sites was performed to determine the functions of the oligosaccharide chains on signal transduction. The absence of the Asn22 (eelFSHβΔ22/α) and Asn5.22 (eelFSHβΔ5.22/α) N-linked oligosaccharide chain in the eelFSH β-subunit completely reduced the secretion level in the medium and cell lysate of CHO-K1 cells. The expression levels of eelFSHβ/α wild-type in CHO suspension (CHO-S) cells was approximately 4-fold higher in CHO-k1 cells. The molecular weight of rec-eelFSHβ/α wild-type by western blotting analysis was found to be 34 kDa. Mutants (β/αΔ56, β/αΔ79, and βΔ5/α) lacking single oligosaccharide sites showed molecular weights that were reduced by approximately 10%. The digestion of N-linked oligosaccharides using PNGaseF treatment showed that the molecular weights of all mutants were reduced to 27-kDa. The oligosaccharide chains in rec-eelFSHβ/α wild-type were modified to a molecular weight of approximately 7-10 kDa in CHO-K1 and CHO-S cells. Oligosaccharide site deletions at positions Asn56 and Asn79 on the α-subunit and Asn5 on the β-subunit were found to play an essential role in cAMP signal transduction through the eelFSH receptor. The EC50 values of Asn56 and Asn5 resulted in a significant decrease in potency to 64% and 53% of the wild type, respectively. Specifically, the removal of the carbohydrates at Asn79 of the α-subunit (β/αΔ79) was drastically reduced to 53.8% of the wild-type levels in maximum response. These results have allowed for the identification of the site-specific roles of carbohydrate residues in eel FSH. Our data suggest that N-linked oligosaccharide chains play a pivotal role in biological activity through the eelFSH receptor as suggested in similar studies of other mammalian FSH hormones.

Keywords: EelFSH receptor; Follicle-stimulating hormone; Japanese eel; N-linked oligosaccharide; cAMP responses.

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