Background: DOPPS reported that thousands of life-years could be gained in the US and Europe over 5 years by correcting six modifiable haemodialysis practices. We estimated potential life-years gained across 10 European countries using MONITOR-CKD5 study data.
Methods: The DOPPS-based target ranges were used, except for haemoglobin due to label changes, as well as DOPPS-derived relative mortality risks. Percentages of MONITOR-CKD5 patients outside targets were calculated. Consistent with the DOPPS-based analyses, we extrapolated life-years gained for the MONITOR-CKD5 population over 5 years if all patients were within targets.
Results: Bringing the 10 MONITOR-CKD5 countries' dialysis populations into compliance on the six practices results in a 5-year gain of 97,428 patient-years. In descending order, survival impact was the highest for albumin levels, followed by phosphate levels, vascular access, haemoglobin, dialysis adequacy, and interdialytic weight gain.
Conclusions: Optimal management of the six modifiable haemodialysis practices may achieve 6.2% increase in 5-year survival.
Trial registration: NCT01121237 . Clinicaltrials.gov registration May 12, 2010 (retrospectively registered).
Keywords: Anaemia; Biosimilar epoetin alfa; Haemodialysis; Life-years; Modifiable haemodialysis practices.