Background/aim: Pazopanib is approved for advanced soft tissue sarcoma (STS) patients. The aim of the study was to examine the usefulness of (18F)-Fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/ computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) imaging for early evaluation of the response of STS patients to pazopanib, as well as the association between pazopanib pharmacokinetics and early metabolic response.
Patients and methods: Twenty STS patients underwent FDG-PET scans at baseline, two- and eight-weeks following treatment with pazopanib. The FDG-PET scans were evaluated by quantitative PERCIST analysis and visually by an independent nuclear medicine physician and related to RECIST1.1 outcome at eight weeks.
Results: After eight weeks of therapy, 14 out of 20 patients had discontinued pazopanib due to tumor progression identified radiologically ('non-responders' n=12) or toxicity (n=2). Quantitative FDG-PET scoring at two weeks, according to PERCIST guidelines, identified 25% (3 of 12) of the patients radiologically as non-responders versus 42% (5 of 12) identified by visual response analysis.
Conclusion: In this heterogeneous STS patients' cohort, early FDG-PET/CT identified a substantial part of pazopanib non-responders.
Keywords: Sarcoma; pazopanib; pharmacodynamics; pharmacokinetics; positron-emission tomography; soft tissue.
Copyright© 2019, International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. George J. Delinasios), All rights reserved.