Cerebral Palsy

In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2024 Jan.


Cerebral palsy is a group of permanent disorders affecting movement development and limiting activity. Non-progressive disturbances that manifest in the developing fetal or infant brain can lead to cerebral palsy. This palsy is the most common cause of childhood disability. The degree and type of motor impairment and functional capabilities vary depending on the etiology.

The multifactorial etiology relates to prenatal, perinatal, or postnatal causes. The palsy may have several associated comorbidities, including epilepsy, musculoskeletal problems, intellectual disability, feeding difficulties, visual abnormalities, hearing abnormalities, and communication difficulties. Several subtypes warrant consultation from a neurologist if early signs consistent with family history are evidenced. Once diagnosed, holistic care is required to maintain quality of life. As such, treating cerebral palsy requires an interprofessional approach, given the immense burden on functional status.

Publication types

  • Study Guide