Cloning of the gene for indoleacetic acid-lysine synthetase from Pseudomonas syringae subsp. savastanoi

J Bacteriol. 1986 May;166(2):598-603. doi: 10.1128/jb.166.2.598-603.1986.


The phytopathogen Pseudomonas syringae subsp. savastanoi incites the production of galls on olive and oleander plants. Gall formation is dependent on bacterial production of the phytohormone indoleacetic acid (IAA). The genetic determinants for IAA synthesis are located on a plasmid (pIAA) and are organized in an operon in oleander strains of the bacterium. P. syringae subsp. savastanoi further converts IAA to an amino acid conjugate, 3-indole-acetyl-epsilon-L-lysine (IAA-lysine). The gene for IAA-lysine synthetase (iaaL) was found on the IAA plasmid by screening pIAA deletion mutants for the ability to convert IAA to IAA-lysine. The iaaL locus was then cloned in the vector pUC8 from a bank of P. syringae subsp. savastanoi EW2009 plasmid DNA to construct recombinant plasmid pLG87. The specific activity of IAA-lysine synthetase in Escherichia coli transformed with pLG87 was 47 times higher than that of the enzyme extract from P. syringae subsp. savastanoi. The direction of transcription of the iaaL gene was determined to be opposite to that of the IAA operon. The location of the iaaL gene on pIAA1 was mapped by Tn5 insertion mutagenesis to a 2.5-kilobase-pair fragment 2 kilobase pairs from the IAA operon.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Cloning, Molecular*
  • Escherichia coli / enzymology
  • Indoleacetic Acids / biosynthesis*
  • Indoleacetic Acids / metabolism
  • Lysine / analogs & derivatives
  • Lysine / metabolism
  • Mutation
  • Operon
  • Peptide Synthases / genetics*
  • Plant Diseases*
  • Pseudomonas / enzymology
  • Pseudomonas / genetics*


  • Indoleacetic Acids
  • indole-3-acetyl-epsilon-lysine
  • indoleacetic acid
  • Peptide Synthases
  • indoleacetic acid-lysine synthetase
  • Lysine