Flatfeet: Biomechanical implications, assessment and management

Foot (Edinb). 2019 Mar;38:81-85. doi: 10.1016/j.foot.2019.02.004. Epub 2019 Feb 11.


Several complications due to flatfeet have been reported in previous literature such as poor postural stability, injuries, pathologies, and discomfort. Early detection and appropriate management are mandatory to minimize these effects. There are different feet assessments established in the field with distinct advantages and disadvantages. Additionally, selection of management methods from various options should be done vigilantly as the application differs according to the individual. Therefore, the objective of this article is to review previous literature on structural anatomy, pathomechanics, assessment, and proper management of flatfeet to provide a condensed summary for healthcare professionals, occupational therapists, kinesiologists, biomechanists, coaches, and ergonomists.

Keywords: Flatfeet; Medial longitudinal arch; Pes planus.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Flatfoot / diagnosis*
  • Flatfoot / physiopathology*
  • Flatfoot / therapy*
  • Foot / anatomy & histology
  • Humans
  • Orthopedic Procedures
  • Orthotic Devices
  • Physical Therapy Modalities
  • Shoes