Spanish Version of the Family Health Behavior Scale: Adaptation and Validation

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 Mar 6;16(5):810. doi: 10.3390/ijerph16050810.


Different studies around the world indicate that the percentages of overweight and obesity in childhood and adolescence are high. In this context, it would be useful to have a common, valid, and reliable instrument to assess health behaviors of families that allows comparisons of data from different countries. The objective is the adaptation of a Spanish version of the Family Health Behavior Scale (FHBS). The questionnaire originally developed by Moreno group was translated and adapted following the International Test Commission protocol. Its psychometric properties were evaluated through analysis of internal consistency, factor analysis and other evidences of validity. The Spanish version of the FHBS demonstrated adequate reliability coefficients, and its factor structure sufficiently replicated that obtained by the original measurement. The results suggested that the adapted version of the questionnaire was an adequate and valid measure for the evaluation of family health behaviors related to the prevention of overweight and obesity.

Keywords: family; health behavior; mealtime routines; paediatric obesity; physical activity; scale.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Physiological
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Family Health*
  • Female
  • Health Behavior*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Obesity / psychology
  • Parents / psychology
  • Psychometrics
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Spain
  • Surveys and Questionnaires*
  • Translating