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Review
, 15 (2), 119-126

Acute Pericarditis: A Review of Current Diagnostic and Management Guidelines

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Review

Acute Pericarditis: A Review of Current Diagnostic and Management Guidelines

Nicholas McNamara et al. Future Cardiol.

Abstract

This review examined the relevance of chest pain, pericardial friction rub, pericardial effusion and ECG changes in regard to the diagnosis of acute pericarditis. It also assessed the evidence for the management and therapeutic guidelines, specifically nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), colchicine and corticosteroids. Overall, there appears to be a lack of research into pericarditis. The bulk of high-quality research seems to have been carried out prior to the publication of the European Society of Cardiology guidelines of 2015. Diagnostically, the current combination of symptoms, clinical signs and investigations offer reasonable criteria for diagnosis, but they are not a gold standard. Research into its therapeutic treatment options is required to address the effects of specific nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

Keywords: NSAIDs; chest pain; colchicine; pericardial effusion; pericarditis.

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