Ubiquitination is a transient posttranslational modification; polyubiquitin chains are removed from proteins by deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs) and many ubiquitinated proteins are degraded by the proteasome. Exogenously expressed trypsin-resistant tandem ubiquitin-binding entity (TR-TUBE) protects polyubiquitin chains from DUBs and inhibits proteasomal degradation in cells. TR-TUBE effectively binds to substrates ubiquitinated by an exogenously expressed ubiquitin ligase, and enables detection of the specific activity of a given ubiquitin ligase and isolation of its substrates. In this chapter, we describe methods for the detection of ubiquitin ligase activity as well as the identification of substrates of a given ubiquitin ligase using two enrichment tools, TR-TUBE and anti-diGly antibody, coupled with mass spectrometry (MS).
Keywords: Polyubiquitin chain; Substrate identification; TR-TUBE; Ubiquitin ligase; Ubiquitin-binding protein; Ubiquitination.
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