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Multicenter Study
. 2019 May 15;123(10):1675-1680.
doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2019.02.023. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Association of Autoimmune Connective Tissue Disease and Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation

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Multicenter Study

Association of Autoimmune Connective Tissue Disease and Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation

Sarah E Rudasill et al. Am J Cardiol. .

Abstract

Patients with autoimmune connective tissue disease (CTD) are at higher risk for developing aortic valve pathology, but the safety and value of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in this population has not been investigated. This study evaluated mortality, complication, and readmission rates along with length of stay and total costs after TAVI in patients with CTD. We retrospectively reviewed 47,216 patients who underwent TAVI from the National Readmissions Database between January 2011 and September 2015. Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, rheumatoid arthritis, and other autoimmune CTD comprised the cohort. The primary outcome was mortality at index hospitalization. The 2,557 CTD patients (5.4%) had a higher Elixhauser co-morbidity index (7.1 vs 6.1, p <0.001) than non-CTD patients. CTD and non-CTD patients had similar mortality (2.8 vs 4.1%, p = 0.052), 30-day readmission (19.3 vs 17.0%, p = 0.077), length of stay (8.2 vs 8.3 days, p = 0.615), and total adjusted costs ($57,202 vs $58,309, p = 0.196), respectively. However, CTD patients were more frequently readmitted for postoperative infection (9.4 vs 5.6%, p = 0.042) and septicemia (8.2 vs 4.5%, p = 0.019). After multivariable adjustment, CTD patients faced lower mortality at index hospitalization (odds ratio [OR] 0.56 [0.38 to 0.82], p = 0.003) but were more frequently readmitted for septicemia (OR = 1.95 [1.10 to 3.45], p = 0.023) and postoperative infection (OR = 3.10 [1.01 to 9.52], p = 0.048) relative to non-CTD patients. In conclusion, CTD is not a risk factor for in-hospital mortality but is an independent risk factor for infectious complications post-TAVI.

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