When transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) was first approved for use in the United States in 2012, multiple leading surgical and cardiology societies were tasked with creating recommendations and requirements for operators and institutions starting and maintaining TAVR programs. Creation of this consensus document was challenging due to limited experience with this new technology, and a lack of robust centralized data that could be used to validate outcome measures and create benchmarks for self-assessment and improvement. Despite these limitations, this document provided government agencies a framework for regulation that ultimately determined requirements for Medicare payment for TAVR and therefore greatly determined how and where care was delivered for patients with aortic stenosis. After the proliferation of TAVR institutions throughout the US and with data from more than 100,000 cases in the STS/ACC Transcatheter Valve Therapies TM Registry, leaders of the same societies reconvened in 2018 to update their consensus document. The new recommendations include suggested personnel, facilities, training, and assessment of outcomes and competencies required to run a safe and efficient TAVR program. This article seeks to detail the changes from the original consensus document with a particular focus on issues relevant to cardiac anesthesiologists as well as important healthcare policy ramifications for patients and providers in the United States.
Keywords: aortic stenosis; transcatheter aortic valve replacement; valvular heart disease.
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