A sandwich-type photoelectrochemical immunosensor for NT-pro BNP detection based on F-Bi2WO6/Ag2S and GO/PDA for signal amplification

Biosens Bioelectron. 2019 Apr 15:131:299-306. doi: 10.1016/j.bios.2019.02.029. Epub 2019 Feb 19.


A sandwich-type photoelectrochemical (PEC) immunosensing platform was designed for detection of amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-pro BNP). Thereinto, flower-like Bi2WO6/Ag2S nanoparticles (F-Bi2WO6/Ag2S) were employed as photoelectrochemical matrix, and graphene oxide and polydopamine composite (GO/PDA) were prepared as signal labels. In this proposal, Ag2S was in-situ growth on the surface of F-Bi2WO6 modified with thioglycolic acid (TGA). Specially, a cascade-like band-edge level between F-Bi2WO6 and Ag2S effectively improved the photocurrent conversion efficiency and enhanced the photocurrent response. Then, the conjugated GO/PDA aimed to further amplify signal because PDA as electron donor could sweep the holes and inhibit the recombination of photogenerated electron-hole pairs, while GO owned brilliant conductivity speeding up the electrons transfer. The photocurrent increased with the amount of GO/PDA conjugates which had positive correlation with the NT-pro BNP. Under optimal experimental conditions, the proposed sandwich-type PEC immunosensor presented a desirable linear relationship ranged from 0.1 pg/mL to 100 ng/mL for NT-pro BNP with the detection limit of 0.03 pg/mL (S/N = 3). The prepared PEC immunosensor exhibited high stability and selectivity, which offered an innovative idea for the detection of other biomolecules.

Keywords: Amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide; Flower-like Bi(2)WO(6); Photoelectrochemical immunosensor; Polydopamine.

MeSH terms

  • Biosensing Techniques*
  • Cadmium Compounds / chemistry
  • Electrochemical Techniques*
  • Graphite / chemistry
  • Humans
  • Immunoassay*
  • Indoles / chemistry
  • Nanocomposites / chemistry
  • Natriuretic Peptide, Brain / chemistry
  • Natriuretic Peptide, Brain / isolation & purification*
  • Peptide Fragments / chemistry
  • Peptide Fragments / isolation & purification*
  • Polymers / chemistry


  • Cadmium Compounds
  • Indoles
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Polymers
  • graphene oxide
  • polydopamine
  • pro-brain natriuretic peptide (1-76)
  • Natriuretic Peptide, Brain
  • Graphite