Background: The relationship of poor sleep patterns to the increased risk of obesity has been reported, but the results are variable. This study evaluated the association between objectively measured sleep patterns and obesity in a representative adult population of Hispanic/Latino subjects living in the United States.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was an analysis of a multicenter, community-based cohort of 2,156 participants aged 18 to 64 years from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). Recruitment was conducted in San Diego, California; Chicago, Illinois; Bronx, New York; and Miami, Florida. Models were controlled for age, sex, ethnic background, site, income, education, and apnea-hypopnea index. Seven days of wrist actigraphy data were collected. Obesity was defined as BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2, and abdominal obesity was defined as waist circumference ≥ 88 cm in women and ≥ 102 cm in men. Napping was defined as more than one 15-min nap per week.
Results: An inverse linear relationship was found between sleep duration and prevalence of obesity (P linear trend ≤ 0.01). A reduction of 1 h sleep increased obesity prevalence by 4.1% (95% CI, 1.6-6.6; P = .002) and abdominal obesity prevalence by 3.6% (95% CI, 1.1-6.1; P = .007). Daytime napping increased obesity prevalence by 10.4% (95% CI, 3.5-17.3; P = .004) and abdominal obesity prevalence by 7.1% (95% CI, 1.0-13.2; P = .02).
Conclusions: In a population of young to older adult Hispanic/Latino subjects, we found an inverse linear association between sleep duration and the prevalence of obesity. Daytime napping was strongly associated with greater adiposity. Interventional and longitudinal studies are needed to better understand how abnormal sleep patterns contribute to the obesity epidemic.
Keywords: Hispanic subjects; actigraphy; adiposity; habitual short sleep duration; napping and obesity.
Published by Elsevier Inc.