Travel medicine, transplant tourism, and the solid organ transplant recipient-Guidelines from the American Society of Transplantation Infectious Diseases Community of Practice

Clin Transplant. 2019 Sep;33(9):e13529. doi: 10.1111/ctr.13529. Epub 2019 Apr 14.


These updated guidelines from the Infectious Diseases Community of Practice of the American Society of Transplantation review recommendations for prevention and management of travel-related infection in solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients as well as risks associated with transplant tourism. Counseling regarding travel post-transplant should be included during the pre-transplant evaluation, and all SOT recipients should be seen by a travel medicine specialist prior to traveling to destinations with higher rates of infection. Patients should be advised on vaccine-preventable illnesses as well as any need for prophylaxis (ie, malaria) based on their individual travel itineraries. Information with regards to specific recommendations for vaccines and prophylactic medications, along with drug-drug interactions, is summarized. Counseling should be provided for modifiable risks and exposures (ie, food and water safety, and insect bite prevention) as well as non-infectious travel topics. These guidelines also briefly address risks associated with transplant tourism and specific infections to consider if patients seek care for transplants done in foreign countries.

Keywords: solid organ transplant; travel medicine; vaccinations; vaccines.

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Infective Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Communicable Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Communicable Diseases / drug therapy*
  • Communicable Diseases / etiology
  • Humans
  • Medical Tourism / statistics & numerical data*
  • Organ Transplantation / adverse effects*
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic / standards*
  • Societies, Medical
  • Transplant Recipients
  • Travel Medicine / statistics & numerical data*
  • Travel-Related Illness*


  • Anti-Infective Agents